Tuesday, May 19, 2020

Conformity and Obedience Essay - 3326 Words

Conformity and Obedience Task: outline and evaluate findings from conformity and obedience research and consider explanations for conformity (and non-conformity), as well as evaluating Milgram’s studies of obedience (including ethical issues). The following essay will be about understanding what is meant by and distinguishing the differences between the terms conformity and obedience. It will show the evaluation of two key psychological studies which seek to explain why people do and do not conform, also with explanations of minority influence. Whilst seeking to understand the reasons why people obey authority, it will show an evaluation of Milgram’s study of obedience, discussing the ethical issues raised from the research and†¦show more content†¦Over time these thought become part of our own cognitive world. When a person wants to be associated with a group accepting and believing the groups view this is called identification. A person may desire to be like another person, which may involve adopting the characters of the person (or group). This may not necessarily be to bring us rewards but because we find it satisfying to be like those, who we are identifying with. According to Cardwell (1996) obedience is a type of social influence whereby somebody acts in response to a direct order from another person. There is an implication the actor is made to respond in a way that they wouldn’t have otherwise done without the order. You are in no doubt when you are obeying an order (explicit). It is obvious when you are following an order and you won’t change your attitudes as you are behaving as instructed. We will always find ourselves in situations in which we are told to do things by other people, for example boss or supervisor at work. Within society we work in a hierarchy. We may disagree or resent the orders we are given even when they are legitimate. It is unlikely we will be given an order or instruction that goes against our conscience or involves us inflicting serious harm on another person. So why do we conform? Gross. R, et al (2000) in ‘2nd edition psychology a newShow MoreRelatedConformity and Obedience1770 Words   |  8 PagesConformity and Obedience Assignment In this assignment I intend to evaluate Stanley Milgrams studies of obedience and in particular the ethical issues broken. I hope to determine whether the knowledge gained justifies his experiments. After the destruction and atrocities committed in World War II many historians argued that there must be some sort of character defect that made the German people more obedient. Mailgram’s study was an attempt to test ‘the Germans are different’ hypothesis. TheRead MoreHistory Of Obedience And Conformity1729 Words   |  7 PagesHistory of Obedience and Conformity With the utterance of â€Å"research in obedience,† Stanley Milgram is the epithet in social psychology. 56 years ago, Milgram tested the limits of a person s ability to commit deeds that would normally be directionally challenging to their moral compass when commanded to act by an authority figure. Just 15 years after the World War II Holocaust, the Milgram experiments was a social psychology response to a topic of â€Å"particular relevance† during that time (MilgramRead MoreObedience and Conformity Essay508 Words   |  3 PagesObedience and Conformity Both obedience and conformity involve social pressure in obedience the pressure comes from behaving as you are instructed to do; whereas in conformity the pressure comes from group norms Behaviour in obedience is determined by social power, whereas in conformity it is influenced mostly by the need for acceptance. In nearly all societies, certain peopleRead MoreConformity and Obedience Essays2559 Words   |  11 PagesConformity and Obedience Why do we conform? Two basic sources of influence: normative social influence, the need to be liked, accepted by others and Informational influence: need to be correct and to behave in accordance with reality. Solomon Asch (1956) devised an experiment to see if subjects would conform even if they were uncertain that the group norm was incorrect. In his study he asked subjects to take part in an experiment. They were each asked to match a standard length line with threeRead MoreThe Phenomena of Conformity, Obedience, and Deviance2505 Words   |  10 Pagesï » ¿Effects of Social Influence on Ones Self This essay defines the phenomenon of Conformity, Obedience and Deviance in the light of historic research and contemporary experiments. Concluding to the fact that deviance is a valuable Human attribute that makes our life what it is today. Introduction: Man is a social animal and among his other social needs, is to be socially recognized and acclaimed by his fellow society members. This desire is so overwhelming that one might go to any extent toRead MoreEssay about On Conformity and Obedience1176 Words   |  5 PagesConformity and Obedience People have been changing their behavior or obeying someone else’s commands for years. This continues today in our everyday lives. Conformity and obedience seem similar but differ in several ways. Conformity is defined by psychologists as a change in behavior or belief to accord with others. Similar to this, is obedience. Obedience is defined acting in accordance with a direct order or command. Normally people conform to reap a reward or to avoid punishment. If we complyRead MoreConformity And Obedience Are Both Social Behaviors1935 Words   |  8 PagesConformity and obedience are both social behaviors that are influenced by those around us and determines our behavior in social situations. When we change our attitude or behavior based on those around us, we are conforming to their behavior. When we obey what we are told, by what we perceive to be an authority figure, we are being obedient. Conformity and obedience can have positive or negative results on our lives, dependin g on the situation and the individuals involved. Symbolic interactions areRead MoreAdaptive Social Behaviors, Conformity, Compliance And Obedience1369 Words   |  6 PagesAdaptive Social Behaviours Conformity, compliance and obedience are a set of adaptive social behaviours that one makes use of to get by in daily social activities. They are all some form of social influence, which causes a change in a particular person or group’s behaviour, attitude and/or feelings (Cialdini, 2000, 2006). Various forms of social influence have been used for a variety of reasons; sometimes to help individuals stray from harmful behaviour such as smoking; other times [not as altruisticRead MoreMajor Categories Of Social Influence : Conformity, Compliance, And Obedience2039 Words   |  9 PagesKatrina Venta PSY 226 Community College of Aurora March 11, 2016 Abstract There are three major categories of social influence: conformity, compliance, and obedience. Conformity is the change of behavior to be able to fit in and gain approval from other people. Compliance, on the other hand, is when a person changes their behavior in response to being asked directly. While obedience is a response to an authority figure directing an individual (Kenrick, Neuberg, Cialdini, 2010, p. 183). These social influencesRead MoreAsch s Conformity Experiment And Milgram s Obedience Experiment Essay1586 Words   |  7 Pagesexperiments; Asch s conformity experiment and Milgram s obedience experiment. The two experiments will be compared for validity and their ethics. In addition, this report will take into consideration Zimbardo s Stanford Prison experiment and the Lucifer Effect. To analyse how obedience and conformity theories can be used as an example of why good people can turn bad. This report will also look at how obedience and conformity can be applied to the c riminal justice system. Conformity Solomon Asch s

Juvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention - 2506 Words

As of July 2015, the United States population has been reported at 321,238,352- accounting for at least 25% of the human population. 5% out of the 25% of this population is the percentage of youths that are incarcerated or confined (Census, n.d). According to the U.S Department of Justice’s office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency prevention, it was reported in 2011 that 1 in 13 of juvenile arrests were for murder, and about 1 in 5 arrests were for robbery, burglary, or larceny-theft; totaling in an estimated amount of 1,470,000 arrests for 2011(Puzzanchera, 2013). The most popular crime committed between juveniles is Arson, which makes up for 44% of all crimes committed in youths. Robbery and burglary both account for 25% of crimes, up there at an astonishing 24% is property crimes. Aggravated assault and violent crimes account for less than 15% of juvenile crimes (King, 2003). In 2005, racial disparities led to approximately thirty- one million incarcerations of juvenile offenders (Crutchfield, Fernandes, Martinez, 2010 p. 912). Statistics from the criminal justice department show a disturbing trend of adversities between the black and white races in United States institutions. Data from national and individual state show an increase in each stage of the juvenile justice program due to racial disparities. Studies show that confinement rates reflect that the juvenile justice system treats minority youths more punitively than white youths. When African American juvenilesShow MoreRelatedJuvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention1598 Words   |  7 PagesJuvenile Delinquency According to the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), there are more than 70 million Americans, about 1 in 4 of those are younger than 18, which is the age group commonly referred to as juveniles (2014). A juvenile delinquent is created when one of these juveniles display disruptive behavior that is beyond parents control and or violates the law. The violations range from simple offenses like smoking or fighting to violent crimes like sexual assaultRead MoreJuvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention2440 Words   |  10 Pagesincarcerated or confined (Census, n.d). According to the U.S Department of Justice’s office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency prevention, it was reported in 2011 that 1 in 13 of juvenile arrests was for murder, and about 1 in 5 arrests was for robbery, burglary, or larceny-theft; totaling in an estimated amount of 1,470,000 arrests for 2011(Puzzanchera, 2013). The most popular crime committed between juveniles is arson, wh ich makes up for 44% of all crimes committed by youths. Robbery and burglary bothRead MoreJuvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention1877 Words   |  8 PagesIntroduction Does exposure to deviant peers affect whether individuals participate in general delinquency? Peers have an influence on the developing individual where the individual shares definitions favorable to them (Snyder, Dishion, Patterson, 1982). Findings in literature suggest that delinquent youths are involved in a relationship between peers delinquent behavior and a respondent’s own delinquency (Warr, 1996). Shaw and McKay, in 1931, discovered that more than 80% of individuals had deviantRead MoreFice Of Juvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention1617 Words   |  7 Pagesfederal government even formed an office called the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention that operates under United States department of Justice to attempt â€Å"by supporting states, local communities, and tribal jurisdictions in their efforts to develop and implement effective programs for juveniles†. (Howell, J. C., Wilson, J. J., Reno, J., Marcus, D., Leary, M. L.) The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention established a policy that enables communities officials andRead MoreJuvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act6750 Words   |  27 PagesIntroduction The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act (JJDPA) is the principal federal program through which the federal government sets standards for juvenile justice systems at the state and local levels. It provides direct funding for states, research, training, and technical assistance, and evaluation. The JJDPA was originally enacted in 1974 and even though the JJDPA has been revised several times over the past 30 years, its basic composition has remained the same. Since the actRead MoreFice Of Juvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention1668 Words   |  7 PagesThe Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP) provides leadership and technical assistance in the development, implementation, and operation of new approaches, techniques, and methods related to juvenile justice and delinquency prevention. In 1999, OJJDP created the Safe Start Initiative to prevent and reduce the impact of children s exposure to violence in both the home and the community, and to expan d the knowledge base of evidence-based practices. Exposure to violence is definedRead MoreJuvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention Reauthorization Act1577 Words   |  7 Pagesis to research the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Reauthorization Act. The paper will focus on the purpose of this legislation, as well as the values that are expressed by this policy. This paper will not only address why this piece of legislation is important it will discuss the effects this act has had on the communities as well as the youths themselves. This paper, will also address the potential for change about the public attitudes towards the juvenile justice system and the socialRead MoreJuvenile Justice And Delinquency Prevention Act Of 19741625 Words   |  7 PagesA juvenile or â€Å"youthful inmate† as defined by the Prison Rape Elimination Act of 2003 (PREA) is any person under the age of eighteen who is under adult-court supervision and incarcerated or detained in a priso n or jail. While PREA defines a juvenile as under the age of eighteen the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 (JJDPA) allows the states to set their own definition of a juvenile (Lahey). This discrepancy in the definition of a juvenile has caused problems and slow progressRead More Preventing Juvenile Delinquency Essay1386 Words   |  6 PagesPreventing Juvenile Delinquency The saying is that history often repeats itself. If this is true then society will have to deal with the complex burden of juvenile who eventually become adult criminals. However, if this saying is not true then the community in which juvenile delinquency exist must have the tool necessary to divert the youth in the community. If one is to change delinquent youth’s behavior, they need to variegate the justice system in order to prevent juvenile delinquent recidivismsRead MoreCauses and Solution of Juvenile Delinquency in America Essay1726 Words   |  7 Pagesthan 3300 young adults under the age of 18† (Khan).Juvenile delinquency can be caused by the influence gangs,bullying, and bad parenting. This topic caught my attention because there a lot of kids getting arrested each year for crimes committed and kids getting involved in gangs, also kids getting access to weapons,drugs, or getting bully by other people. However juvenile delinquency can be prevented by offerin g bullying prevention, violence prevention curriculums and mentoring programs. â€Å"If gangs

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Research Paper on Tobacco - 1212 Words

Tobacco Nicotine use is a leading preventable cause of death in the world, directly and indirectly responsible for 440,000 deaths per year. The health problems that result in tobacco use tally an annual of $75 billion in direct medical costs (Slovic 36). That money spent on medical problems for smokers should be used to pay for more important things in our society such as schools, libraries, childcare, etc. Because it takes approximately eight seconds for nicotine to reach the brain and each cigarette contains over 4,000 chemicals, tobacco is one of the most addictive drugs in the United States. (TIPS 8). Dependency is defined as reliance for a substance that you cant live without. Smokers have a physical and physiological reliance†¦show more content†¦Laryngeal cancer shows up in the vocal cords. Symptoms of this cancer include cough, coughing blood, and hoarseness. Oral cancer arises in the mouth and throat. Its most common in people who chew tobacco. Esophageal cancer is in the esophagus which links the oral cavity to the stomach. Pancreatic cancer is in the pancreas which is a secreatory organ situated at the rear of the abdominal cavity behind the stomach. Being bathed in the tobacco carcinogens which are in the blood and then concentrated in the urine causes kidney cancer. Cancer of the urinary bladder is in the bladders surface, and the earliest symptom is bleeding. Res piratory diseases cause by smoking includes chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, respiratory morbidity, emphysema, and respiratory infections. Cigarette smokers are two to four times more likely to develop coronary heart disease than non-smokers, and tobacco use doubles risk for stroke. It also causes reduced circulation by narrowing the blood vessels, and it causes premature wrinkles because it constricts the oxygen and warmth from all parts of the body so the skin ages faster. Another huge tobacco-related health problem is secondhand smoke. It is known to cause approximately 3,000 lung cancer deaths and 35,000 heart disease deaths in nonsmokers each year. By definition it is a mixture of smoke given off by the burning end of tobacco products and the smoke exhaled by smokers. Secondhand smoke contains over 4,000Show MoreRelatedResearch Paper: Tobacco Industry3059 Words   |  13 PagesBusiness, Government, and Society Research Paper: Tobacco Industry Dixon 1 Table of Contents Introduction 2 History 3 Corporate Stakeholders 4 Role of the tobacco industry in its social, economic, and political setting 7 Domestic and International Ethics 9 Ecological and Natural Resources 10 Social Issues 11 Rating of Social Responsiveness 11 Rating in relation to the Saint Leo Core Values 12 Dixon 2 Introduction The use of tobacco is a very controversial topic here inRead MoreHealth Risks Between The Smoking Of Cigarettes And Hookahs1122 Words   |  5 PagesThe purpose behind this paper is to analyze the major differences and health risks between the smoking of cigarettes and hookahs. There are a plethora of research documents regarding the similarities and differences between the hookah and conventional tobacco products such as cigars or cigarettes. This paper will simply display research regarding each of the previously mentioned smoking mediums, and strive to determine fact from perceived fact. The hookah (water pipe figure 1) originated inRead MoreEssay Smoking Tobacco Smoking811 Words   |  4 Pagesof Tobacco Smoking among the Students of Puntod National High School: A Basis for Preventative Measure To Deter Student from Smoking ï » ¿CHAPTER 1 The Problem Introduction The use of tobacco is not a recent phenomenon. It has been said that tobacco plants have grown in North and South America since 6,000 B.C.1. It was also believed that tobacco had many healing qualities which made its use widespread2. In the 17th... Premium 14136 Words 57 Pages Smoking Tobacco smokingRead Morelung cancer927 Words   |  4 Pages7th Language Arts Problem – Solution Paper May 15, 2014 Lung Cancer Causes and Treatments Lung cancer is defined as abnormal cell tissue that forms in tissues of the lungs. It is estimated that there are 224,210 new cases every year, while the estimated deaths are numbered at 159,260 per year . There are several options of treatment and are as follows: Surgery, Chemotherapy, Radiation Therapy, Immunotherapy and Vaccine Therapy. Research and advertisement has brought about muchRead MoreThe Dangers Of The Tobacco Industry974 Words   |  4 PagesIn the early 1950s, the Tobacco industry was in disarray over the release of a scientific paper, on several mediums, that demonstrated the connection between the carcinogens in cigarette smoke to several types of cancer. In reaction to this devastating paper, Tobacco executives banded together along with a public relations firm, R.J. Reynolds, in order to shroud the reality of the situation; the actions taken by the Tobacco industry, ranging from funding distracting research to using public figuresRead MoreSupply Chain959 Words   |  4 PagesSUPPLY CHAIN OF CIGARETTE SMALL TOBACCO FARMERS WAREHOUSES INDEPENDENT SUPPLIERS 1. Cigarette paper 2. Filters 3. Packaging 4. Other chemicals etc TOBACCO COMPANIES Department/ Task within the company 1. Research amp; Development 2. Production 3. Packaging 4. Shipping to wholesalers 5. Marketing ( branding) DISTRIBUTORS/ WHOLESALERS RETAILERS (Paan shops, Convenience Stores) 1. Tobacco farming - Tobacco farmers bring their crop to warehousesRead MoreThe Health s Conditions Of Population And Young Generation Around The World And Actions1640 Words   |  7 Pages The paper is about the health’s conditions of population and young generation around the world and actions are done by the government and citizens to against smoking in public places. This project will investigate the smokers’ activity and behavior on this changes. Also it includes the opinion and action of second hand smokers, other people on smoking outdoor. Nowadays, a lot of governments take part in smoking ban in public place. However, countries which decide to accept banning of smoking doRead MoreEffects Of Tobacco On The United States Essay936 Words   |  4 Pagessmoking and tobacco use can cause cancer and heart disease. They do not look into the future to worry about the consequences. Tobacco use is the leading preventable cause of death in the United States (Persoskie, Donaldson, King, 2016). In this cohort study, there was a research if there was an interest about or ever-utilization of tobacco items among the US middle and high school students changed fr om 2012 to 2014. The research data came from the 2012 and 2014 National Youth Tobacco Surveys ofRead MoreIntroduction. Tobacco Use Throughout The United States1254 Words   |  6 Pages Introduction Tobacco use throughout the United States has become an epidemic, not only among adults, but among adolescents as well. People do not realize the effects of tobacco or the consequence of using tobacco among the youth and adolescents. What are the leading factors of adolescents using tobacco? Do peers and parents have an influence on tobacco use among adolescents? Throughout this paper I will discuss the effects of tobacco use, the statistics of tobacco use among adolescents, and otherRead MoreBan On Tobacco Advertising And The Conflict Of Interest That It Presents1126 Words   |  5 PagesBan on Tobacco Advertisement in India The discussion of advertising tobacco products is a controversial topic, there are relevant points on both sides of the argument, so it is hard to determine a true ethical decision. India’s government announced the bill banning tobacco companies from advertising their products in February 2001, their goal is to prevent adolescents from taking up smoking or any other form of tobacco products. Initiating this bill is the government answer to an ethical challenge

Digital Crime and Terrorism Case Study Essay - 1524 Words

Digital crime and terrorism is one of the remaining challenges that law enforcement must address to guarantee greater global security and harmony. Law enforcement agencies therefore need better means through which they can forecast the past, present and future aspects of digital crimes so that they can be well equipped to restrict the actions of those who perpetrate such crimes. This paper is going to analyze the eight key forecasts that are related to digital crime and how law enforcement agencies can come with strategies to combat these crimes. Forecast 1: The need for allocating law enforcement agencies more resources to combat cyber crimes The forecast highlights the need for a shift in law enforcement and justice agencies across†¦show more content†¦Law enforcement agencies need to partner with advocacy groups to make consumers and business owners aware of the different means which cyber criminals use to swindle them of their cash. A list of the various fraud schemes can be published, which can give the users of e –commerce precautions to avoid losing their money to fraudsters (Mansell Raboy, 2011, p. 509). The most common ways through which people are swindled, is through unauthorized withdrawals from their credit cards and scams whereby some online portals receive payments for certain goods and later do not deliver the goods to the clients. Prevention strategies therefore must be emphasized to ensure that internet users are made aware of the fraud schemes. Forecast 3: Increase in the level of virtual crimes in online networking sites. There is a likelihood of an increase in the number of incidents of crimes of a psychological nature committed against internet users in a shared community through insults, ridicule, hate campaigns, child abuse and incitation. Such crimes make the targeted user to be vulnerable because they can be harmed by the content that is posted online or which is sent to them. Bullying in forums of users of school going age and workplace infringement of sensitive company information by aggrieved employees are also avenues for such crimes.Show MoreRelatedThe Problem Of Cyber Crime988 Words   |  4 Pageslimited since, for those investigating or examining cyber-crime must be highly trained specialists, requiring detective and technical skills, including knowledge of various IT hardware and software, and forensic tools. Nevertheless, in the modern world computer or computer related crime makes up a great amount of p ercentage of all the crimes happiness which is bound to increase. The Office for Victim Assistance ensures that victims of crimes investigated by the FBI are presented the opportunity toRead MoreThe Four Major Categories Of Computer Crimes Essay1341 Words   |  6 Pagesthis writing assignment, I will discuss the four major categories of computer crimes. I will explain the most common forms of digital crime and why cyber terrorism is the greatest threat. I will also discuss the roles of the U.S. government, court systems, and law enforcement agencies in combating computer crime. First, we will define the four major categories of computer crimes. -The technical definition of computer crimes is an act performed by a knowledgeable computer user, sometimes referred toRead MoreUse Of Our Knowledge Of Digital Forensics1489 Words   |  6 Pages Digital Forensics Scenario Supervisor – Mr. Ernest Foo Use our knowledge of Digital Forensics to set up a challenge scenario. We need to set up and develop evidence that can be examined to determine a sequence of events. Scenarios can include disk forensics, network forensics and memory forensics or a combination of all. Prasad Prasannakumari Sasikumar [n9065041] 8/14/2015 â€Æ' Title The present period can be seen as the time of the digital revolution, described by boundless, simpleRead MoreEssay on Criminal Justice Fields982 Words   |  4 Pagesscientific fields related to the solving of crimes. The earliest forms of forensic sciences were first used in 16th century Europe by medical practitioners in the army and universities to gather information on the cause and manner of death, though writings on these topics did not begin to appear until the 18th century. (Kind S, 1972) The science of forensics is now recognized as a critical ingredient in law enforcement and in the solution of crimes. Protecting a crime scene from contamination, gatheringRead MoreForensics: Three Basic Aspects for Identification Essay1098 Words   |  5 Pagesconsidered a science of the judicial system, where as evidence is obtained regarding criminal acts to determine the innocence or guilt of individual(s). There is a wide area of forensic studies; this paper will discuss three of these topics Digital Apprehension, DNA, and Interpol. Digital Apprehension is just as it says digital, meaning pictures and various technologic devices. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) is an inherent identifying marker of cells be, human or plant; that is now a mainstay of criminalRead MoreThe Internet And Its Effects On The Environment1538 Words   |  7 Pagesfor improvement. Lastly, it will offer recommendations as conclusion. The threats of virtual dimensions The conceptions of security in the contemporary digital age are remarkably distinct from the traditional Cold War landscape. Technology and globalization are among the major contributors to the emergence of the new realm in security studies. The revolution of virtual dimensions has generated information technologies that provide people modern way to interact each other regardless the differencesRead MoreHow Digital Evidence Affects The Digital Constitution Act Essay1268 Words   |  6 Pagescreative ways that can complicate the forensic analysis process, importantly when attempts are made to conceal digital evidence. The economy consists of millions of users spend hours surfing the web, stay up to date with current events, and take part in many activities. However, this also benefits how criminals act freely. Illegal activities ranging from drug trafficking, pornography, and terrorism involve electronics and computers to a degree. For example, a cyber attack on a company can expose million’sRead MoreLaw Enforcements Perceptions And Preparedness956 Words   |  4 Pages427.5148  · jl03738@georgiasouthern.edu EDUCATION Cyber Crime Graduate Certificate Armstrong State University, Savannah, GA Graduation: December 2016 GPA: 3.50 Masters of Arts in Social Sciences in Criminal Justice and Criminology Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA Graduation: May 2016 GPA: 3.80 Thesis: Law Enforcements’ Perceptions and Preparedness to Address Child Exploitation via Hacking Bachelor of Science in Justice Studies Georgia Southern University, Statesboro, GA Graduation:Read MoreSurveillance : The Act Of Surveillance1526 Words   |  7 Pagespart of business operation or road safety management due to video recorded proof in case of any crime. We stand at an age where nothing is anymore private or personal in terms of data and information confidentiality. The world is torn apart in two, one who supports Mass Surveillance in the name of security and the other despises such surveillance as it is harmful to right to privacy. However, there has been cases where Mass Surveillance has been misused, especially by the government, and have causedRead MoreCyber Espionage Attacks And Cyber Attacks1662 Words   |  7 Pagesbetween the National White Collar Crime Center and the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) was established to form the Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) which is the main body that receives complaints concerning cyber-crimes such as economic espionage, hacking and identity theft (IC3 2011). IC3 from their 2010 Internet Crime Report, gave an example of the year 2010, where the Internet Crime Complaint Center (IC3) got more than 300,000 complaints with crimes ranging from all the above to national

Renaissance Art of Leonardo Da Vinci Essay Example For Students

Renaissance Art of Leonardo Da Vinci Essay In observing the works of these two great Renaissance artists, their energetic personalities and great accomplishments, one sees many similarities. However, they selected different techniques and different mediums. Leonardo dad Vinci and Michelangelo are considered to be the two other great masters of High Renaissance Art. The common term Renaissance man has been used historically to describe polymaths or persons who aspired to be polymaths. The idea occurred from a number of great thinkers of that era who excelled in multiple fields of the arts and science. Iatric Ellis-Christensen 2012). Leonardo dad Vinci was one of the greatest painters and most versatile geniuses in history. He was one of the key figures of the Renaissance, a great cultural movement that had begun in Italy in the sasss. Leonardo, as he is almost always called, was trained to be a painter. But his interests and achievements spread into an astonishing variety of fields that are now considered scientific specialtie s. Leonardo studied anatomy, astronomy, botany, geology, geometry, and optics, and he designed machines and drew plans for hundreds of inventions. Because Leonardo excelled in such an amazing number of areas of human knowledge, he is often called a universal genius. However, he had little interest in literature, history, or religion. He formulated a few scientific laws, but he never developed his ideas systematically. Leonardo was most of all an excellent observer. He concerned himself with what the eye could see, rather than with purely abstract Leonardo dad Vinci was born on April 15, 1452, in concepts (Summers, D. 2013). Vinci, Italy. Dad Vinci was born out of wedlock. Dad Vinci was raised by his father, Seer Piper, and his stepmother. At the age of 14, Dad Vinci began apprenticing with the artist Veronica. For six years, he learned a wide breadth of technical skills, including metalworking, leather arts, carpentry, drawing and sculpting. By the age of 20, he had qualified as a master artist in the Guild of Saint Luke and established his own certainly with Veronica, and he becomes a member of the painters guild in 1472. But in about 1482 he sends a letter to Ludicrous Sports, the duke of Milan. In it he offers the duke his skills, which he lists under ten headings. The first nine are all to do with war. The 30-year-old genius declares that he can provide the duke with original designs for portable bridges, siege engines, mining and explosive equipment, mortars to spray the enemy with small stones, and even a cannon-proof vehicle to transport troops safely into the midst of the enemy in other words a tank( Assignee, Beamer. 2001) Michelangelo was one of the most famous artists in history. He was mostly fascinated in forming large marble statues, but his endless artistic energy also led him to become a great painter and architect as well as a poet. He was also one of the most famous people of his time and a great leader of the Italian Renaissance, a erred marked by a rebirth of interest in the art and learning of ancient Greece and Rome. (Summers, D. 2013) Michelangelo is best known for his treatment of the human body in painting and sculpture. His figures express a sense of grandeur and power, and arouse strong emotions in many spectators. In size, strength, and emotional intensity, these figures go beyond real people. Michelangelo figures are both animated and restrained, and seem to have great spiritual energy. His work presses toward the extremes of heroism and tragedy but is never false or artificial. (Summers, D. 013) Michelangelo was born on March 6, 1475. His full name was Michelangelo Bonaparte. He came from a respectable Florence family and was born in the village of Cappers, where his father was a government agent. Michelangelo had a brief classical education that dealt with the literature, art, and life of ancient Greece and Rome. When he was 12 years old, Michelangelo became an apprentice to the most popular painter in Florence, Domenici Giordano. Before his apprenticeship was completed, Michelangelo stopped painting and began working as a sculptor under the guidance of a pupil of the sculptor Denotable. Michelangelo attracted the support of the ruler of Florence, Lorenz De Medici, who invited the young artist to stay at palace. Michelangelo earliest surviving sculpture is a small unfinished relief of a battle, done when he was about 16. This work shows the obvious influence of ancient Roman marble sculpture belonging to Lorenz. But the relief also shows the force and movement that became typical of Michelangelo style. During these years, he began the study of anatomy (Summers, D. 2013). He is one of the greatest artists of all time, a man whose name has become synonymous with the word masterpiece: Michelangelo Bonaparte. As an artist he was supreme, the maker of works of sublime beauty that display the full breadth of the human condition. Yet in a world where art prospered only with patronage, Michelangelo was caught between the conflicting powers and whims of the Medici family in Florence, and the Papacy in Rome. Unlike many artists of his time, his genius was acknowledged (New Renaissance Art 2001) Three of Leonardo dad Vinci most famous works are Mona and renowned of Dad Vines works, the Mona Lisa. This painting like many of Leonardo works took a long time to finish. World History (Renaissance)To them, David was a symbol representing forefeet and air, strength and anger. The statue had (intended) political connotations for the city state that had recently cast of the ruling of the Medici family. Note how Davits character traits, are considered more important than his victory over Goliath, which is why y Michelangelo depicted him before the battle, strong-willed and ready to fight. Walker. A. 2011) The Sistine Chapel, Painted from 1508 to 1512, the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel contains nine scenes from the Book of Genesis. The most famous is Michelangelo Creation of Man scene, with the finger of God reaching out to give life to Adam (Walker. A. 2011) Michelangelo was Just 24 years old when he finished the Pieta, the only piece of work the artist signed. The depiction of Jesus lying across the lap of his mother Mary after the Crucifixion currently resides at SST. Pewters Basilica in Vatican City. (walker. A. 2011) Leonardo Dad Vinci and Michelangelo Bonaparte also hared many things in their work. Some of the elements that can be found in the social influence, and above all, a destiny of greatness. The Madonna of the Rocks, The Last supper, The Mona Lisa, David, The Last Judgment, and Pieta ¤ are Just a few pieces of their timeless legacy. Theirs were the accomplishments that others would strive to achieve and the world would appreciate for ages to come (Cringer, M. 2013) Artists such as Leonardo Dad Vinci and Michelangelo Bonaparte often illustrated Christian or mythological themes in their artwork, yet, keeping with the times and often setting the example for the times, they succeeded to express secular or humanist ideas through these same pieces. Two great examples of this are The Madonna of the rocks by Leonardo and the Pieta by Michelangelo. In both cases a biblical theme is present, and in both cases the figures are shown in worldly form, with the existence of spiritual elements. Math and Science that focused on solid things that people could touch were an essential part of renaissance art and were embraced by artists such as Michelangelo and Bonaparte. Leonardo Dad Vinci created magnificent works of art which focused on Hess areas. Both Dad Vinci and Michelangelo are believed to have created some of their most famous works of their mothers features. Michelangelo, for example his mothers young, pure face on the Virgin Mary, Leonardo used his mothers smile on the Mona Lisa. Both artists were influenced in their work religiously. Michelangelo created The Last Judgment for the church and David for the government. Leonardo created The Last Supper for the church and The Mona Lisa for an aristocrat. Both men battled with their greatest works repainting them time and time again in hopes of perfection, ND most importantly, both men have left lasting imprints upon the world of art. Michelangelo and dad Vinci have many points of similarity and differences. The one greatest similarity was they are both artists of the Renaissance, thus meaning they both wished to return the art to its original glory in Rome. However, the biggest difference was the way they chose to do so. Michelangelo decide to turn to both drawing and sculpture (we all know his David and Sistine Chapel for example). He decides to return the world of art back to the worshiping of a human body. He was very precise about the human form and took it to perfection. He found that the human body is a ministering piece of art and wished to create his own gods of beauty. Leonardo dad Vinci decides to take art to a science point of view. He would draw figures as research in the beginning, and only once he understood both the inside and outside of the body did he start to create masterpieces. He was very big on details of every sort, starting from bodies and ending with cloth and landscape Michelangelo Bonaparte and Leonardo Dad Vinci have both certainly left their marks on society, perhaps some of the most precise representatives of the renaissance era were formed by their hands. Their representation of the renaissance way of seeing things has forever molded our interpret things in their own way, though they may have had their own styles and approaches, they shared so many things that it is often difficult to talk about one without mentioning the other, and even more difficult still to speak of them without mentioning their influence on the renaissance and its obvious effect on them. Whatever their differences and similarities, one thing remains Indisputable, their timeless legacy will live on in the preserved pieces to be admired and studied as they eave for generations and will for generations to come.

Performance Management Plan

Question: Describe about the "Performance Management Plan". Answer: Role of manager for Marie After analysing the case study it has been observed that for the case of Marie the employee was newly joined within the organisation and she has less experience in the practical field of working. Due to the lack of experience in the workplace the individual might feel less confident about their job roles. Due to the less communication and interaction with the others she did not perform well in her job description and the organisation faces several losses in their business process. To make the effective work outcomes from Marie the manager needs to provide superior training and development plans to gain more confidence for her (Butler, 2001). By providing motivation and influence the manager can make comfortable the employee in their job role and it could be effective for the profitability of the company like House friends. One on one coaching session To make a one on one session the manager needs to provide effective communication process with the employee (Christensen and Barr, 2009). According to the case study it has been observed that Marie is a bookkeeper and administrator on House friend organisation. She has achieved phenomenal results in the bookkeeping and she has recently joined the organisation. Due to the lack of real world experience in her job role she faces several challenges and she also cannot communicate with the people and the co-workers. It has been observed that within the Maries team different unethical works has been occurred and she understand all the things but she cannot speak out due to the lack of confidence and lack of experience in the workplace. For a manger it the prime task for him to observe and analyse the lagging areas of the employees in the job role and try to develop the individuals skill by providing some training and development plan (Longenecker, 2006). Due to the lack of confidence and c ommunication the organisation face several quality issues in their business process which can lead negative impact and negative reputation in the market. To improve the performance management plan for Marie the manager needs to aware about her problem and try to discuss with her about her areas of issues in the workplace. To solve the problem of lack of confidence and lack of experience in the wok field the manager needs to provide effective training and development plan for the individuals. By keep monitoring on the performance of the individual for regular basis can increase the performance of the employee also. Milestone Details Name of Employee Marie Name of Manager Smith Date of Coaching session 10.10.2015 Identification of Performance Issues Lack of confidence and poor communication Worker Response Good in academic career and effective problem solving skills and innovative thinking Areas of Disagreement Due to the lack of experience she cannot handle the staffs for ethical works and it harm the business process for the organisation Opportunities for development Communication skills, effective training and development program on the job role is required for the effective outcomes in their business process. Appendix 1: Operational Plans Milestone Details revamped Store Layout Store needs to open in Saturday for full hours to attract more customers in their business process. By implementing internet marketing style the store needs to provide internet banking facilities in their account and needs to develop a well structured customer care support team to meet the need of the customers. Recruitment and Induction Plan By recruiting more employees in their business and providing effective sales and customer care team the organisation can get effective work outcomes in their business process. Training of all staff on the sustainability features of major product lines To make the staff effective in their job roles and to maintain the legal and ethical concern about their product the organisation or the management of the House Friend needs to provide effective training and development program for the employees. By doubling their stores in the physical presence the organisation can try to maintain their place in the competitive market and to establish new stores the organisation needs to require several skilled and talented employees. Appendix 2: Performance Management Plan Identities. Milestone Details Name of the Employee Marie Work Roles Bookkeeper/Administrator Key result areas Less experience staff in the business Superior ideas about the green technology and eco friendly productivity Poor interaction with the co workers Lack of Real World knowledge in the work place indicators of Success Need to develop communication skills Need to be more confident about her own work Need to be take effective decision for the organisational benefit Date to be completed Within 3 Months Appendix 3: Milestone Details Identifies Skills to be developed To develop the key performance indicator for the employee the manager needs to provide effective training and development program towards the employee to gain her confidence in the business process. By providing effective communication skills and proper motivation the individual can enhance her performance in her job role. Due to the less work knowledge in the practical field can affect the quality and the productivity for the organisation. Proper communication can enhance the interaction between the employees which can lead effective outcomes in the performance of the employee. To make an effective performance management plan the manager needs to provide effective monitoring and supervisory process for the individuals performance. Providing effective training and knowledge about the Go green activities can help the individual to work in a cost effective way for the organisation. Appendix 4: Coaching session-Observers Evaluation Sheet Milestones Details Coaching Session For the effective coaching session for the employee the manager need to utilise the GROW model in the training and development program. By providing the grow models in the business the individual can easily understand the goals of the organisation and the current reality or the position of the organisation in the competitive market. After analysing the goals and position the employee needs to understand the obstacles for the organisation and their business process and needs to develop a well structured way forward plan in the process. To provide an effective communication skill for the individual Marie the manager needs to utilise rephrasing, active listening and summarising skills. By adopting this skill of communication the individual can easily communicate with the other employees in her job role and it could be effective for the performance of the individual as well as for the organisation also. To promote an effective coaching session the manager of the organisation needs to develop a well structured questionnaire for analysing the problem areas for the individual by effective communicating with the employee it can mitigate the problems for her and the managers can get effective work outcomes. Appendix 5 Coaching Session- Coachs Self Reflection Milestones Details Coaching Session To make effective coaching session as a coach or the mentor of Marie i need to analyse her strength and weakness in the job role and needs to develop my implementing strategies according to her strength and weakness. To mitigate the weak communication of Marie I needs to provide effective communication and training development plan for her and that should need to be develop on the basis her strength and weakness. By providing proper encouragement in her job role I can easily make her pretty comfortable to work efficiently and effectively with others in the business process. References Butler, D. (2001). Business development. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann. Christensen, B. and Barr, J. (2009). The assessment interaction plan-A tool for driving performance improvement through analysis to application. Performance Improvement, 48(6), pp.30-38. Longenecker, J. (2006). Small business management. Mason (OH): Thomson/South-Western.

Tuesday, April 21, 2020

Reverse Logistics As An Integral Part Of Supply Chain Management. Essa

Reverse Logistics As An Integral Part Of Supply Chain Management. TABLE OF CONTENTS 1.Introduction 2 - What is reverse logistics? - Why reverse logistics is so important? 2. Body 4 - Components - International Reverse Logistics - Outsourcing 3. Conclusion 11 References 12 Introduction Most of us think of logistics as a one-way street. Products are manufactured, packaged, stored in a warehouse, sold, and then shipped off to the customer ... end of story. Yet for many logistics managers today, that's not the end of the story. In addition to managing outbound goods, they also are responsible for reverse logistics--the flow of returned goods and packaging, including customer service and final disposition of returned items. The need to manage waste materials and returned goods is growing in all kinds of industries. Today, companies like Xerox, Eastman Kodak, Mobil, Home Depot, and Ethan Allen Furniture - to name just a few - have recycling programs that meet the needs of their individual industries. There are many reasons for the explosive growth of what's come to be known as reverse logistics over the past five years or so. The most prominent is increasing public awareness of the social costs of excess waste. A large-scale recycling program, therefore, generates goodwill among consumers and industrial customers. As support for recycling grows, moreover, companies want to be perceived as good citizens that are committed to protecting the environment. Another important reason is the need to control costs. Frequently, manufacturers treat recovery of products and packaging as an afterthought. A well-managed reverse-logistics program, however, can bring enormous savings in inventory-carrying, transportation , and waste-disposal costs. For these and other reasons, more and more companies are launching reverse-logistics programs today. Unfortunately, it's often assumed that reverse logistics is simply a matter of reversing the outbound distribution process. In fact, recycling and returns management have their own unique and complex issues that affect logistics operations. A brief overview of those issues highlights the five main areas you should consider before starting a reverse-logistics program. A related issue is what kind of resources you are willing to commit to a reverse-logistics program. The obvious answer is that the level of potential benefits will influence how much a company will invest in such a program. Too often, though, companies shortchange themselves by failing to devote sufficient time, money, and personnel to the project. A lot of times, [reverse logistics] becomes a side job for somebody. It's not their focus or a high priority, says Cindie Vaughan, supervisor of reverse logistics for Consolidated Freightways. If no one is proactively managing the process, it's bound to result in higher costs and missed opportunities for savings and profits. A solution for many companies that have limited resources for reverse logistics is outsourcing that function to third parties or transportation companies. It's up to the shipper, though, to examine the cost and service benefits, then decide how much of the process should be outsourced. As with any outsourcing decision, it's a matter of being able to focus on your core competencies and freeing up your people to work on products rather than expend your assets on [reverse logistics], suggests Brett Chyatte, senior marketing specialist for reverse logistics at Federal Express. Components The primary components of the reverse-logistics operation are retrieval, transportation, and disposition. The retrieval stage deals with where the waste or products should be picked up and by whom. Much depends on the nature of the item being returned; if it's clothing, for example, a carrier can handle all of the pickup and documentation tasks at the consumer's door. If, on the other hand, the items are oversized, heavy, hazardous, or very delicate, special training may be necessary for both customers and carriers. Burnham, for example, dismantles photocopiers for several customers that sell or lease the reconditioned machines. Drivers are trained to remove internal components that could cause damage in transit, protect glass, secure all moving parts, and pack them for transportation. Hazardous materials, meanwhile, must be flawlessly handled, but field locations and distributors may not have the necessary expertise. Michael LeMirande, business development manager for Redwood Systems, says he often tutors auto dealers in how to manage returns of such items as engines and transmissions. The battery and most fluids in automobiles are classified as hazardous, so there are specific procedures for